**STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS**

Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of loads on physical structures and their components. Structures subject to this type of analysis include all that must withstand loads, such as buildings, bridges, vehicles, furniture, attire, soil strata, prostheses and biological tissue. Structural analysis employs the fields of applied mechanics, materials science and applied mathematics to compute a structure’s deformations, internal forces, stresses, support reactions, accelerations, and stability. The results of the analysis are used to verify a structure’s fitness for use, often precluding physical tests. Structural analysis is thus a key part of the engineering design of structures.

**Forensic Evaluation**

In this step is giving the final evaluation due to the structure condition based on tests carried out and evaluate all tests and by doing the analysis.

**Failure Analysis and Mode Evaluation**

Engineer using this method to determine the maximum capacity of a structure until it reaches the failure limit by using the modeling system.

**Engineering Design Evaluation**

The purpose of this evaluation is to compare existing design with the mathematics calculation to be evaluated by engineer.

**Disaster Mapping**

Disaster Mapping is a mapping of areas that have experienced extreme natural or human disturbances that impact to the normal environment such that there is a loss of life value in the area. Usually it is possible to carry out the mapping of disturbance affected areas by using aerial photographs or satellite images.

**Finite Element Analysis**

Is the simulation of any given physical phenomenon using the numerical technique called Finite Element Method (FEM). Engineers use it to reduce the number of physical prototypes and experiments and optimize components in their design phase to develop better products, faster. It is necessary to use mathematics to comprehensively understand and quantify any physical phenomena such as structural or fluid behavior, thermal transport, wave propagation, the growth of biological cells, etc.

**Structure Lifetime Prediction**

This prediction can be done after the structural integrity prediction this method is to prediction the resilience of a structure based on the real time data after the engineer doing the calculation and testing with the actual structural.

**Structural Integrity Prediction**

is based on fundamental understanding of failure mechanisms such as fracture, fatigue, creep, buckling, corrosion, etc. It largely relies on advances in damage growth modelling, strength prediction, defect detection and structural health monitoring techniques. And the aim is to know the actual condition value of the structure.

**Material Constitutive Modelling, Testing & Evaluation**

This testing is using the actual condition of the structure and compare with the modeling system to find out the actual conditions based on the material being tested in this case engineer using the exact virtual material to archive the exact result with the actual condition of the structural.